Guidance on Containment for Work with Eastern Equine Encephalitis virus
The Federal Select Agent Program is providing this guidance on the containment facilities and practices that registered entities working with Eastern Equine Encephalitis virus (EEE) should follow.
The fifth edition of the Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories (BMBL) states the following:
It is recommended that entities conducting diagnostic procedures which involve the potential for isolation and subsequent identification of EEE virus, but do not involve the manipulation of the virus, work under BSL-3 containment. However, if BSL-3 containment is not available this work may be authorized at BSL-2 under the following conditions:
Note: For the purpose of this policy the term manipulation refers to the isolation of EEE from a specimen followed by application of identification testing procedures that do not require propagation of the EEE to obtain additional EEE (i.e. protein or nucleic-acid based diagnostic tests). The term propagation refers to the isolation of EEE from a specimen and followed by sub-culturing or the culturing of stock EEE to obtain additional EEE for diagnostic research, or archival purposes. For work conducted under BSL-2 conditions as specified above, HEPA filtration of the room where the work is performed is not required.
Entities that conduct diagnostic or research procedures involving the propagation and manipulation of EEE virus are required to conduct this work in BSL-3 containment. Respiratory protection, gloves, shoe covers, and solid front gowns are recommended. The air in the room where the work is performed is not required to be exhausted through HEPA filtration as long as the exhaust air does not circulate to other areas of the building and is vented away from public areas and supply air intake vents.
Entities that conduct work with EEE virus that results in an aerosol, or that has the potential to cause an aerosol, are required to conduct this work under BSL-3 containment. The aerosol work must be conducted in a BSC, Class III cabinet or in a bubble chamber that is HEPA filtered if the air is exhausted into the room. Personnel protective equipment should consist of respiratory protection (N95/N100 or Powered Air Purifying Respirator (PAPR)) gloves, a solid front gown, scrubs or Tyvek suit and shoe covers.
Entities that conduct work with EEE virus involving animals are required to use ABSL-3 containment. HEPA filtration of exhaust air is required. Animal manipulation must be conducted in a BSC or Class III cabinet. HEPA filtered containment cages may be required depending on animal host. Personnel protective equipment must be N95/N100 masks or Powered Air Purifying Respirator (PAPR), gloves a solid front gown, scrubs or Tyvek suit, and shoe covers.
Entities that conduct work with arthropods and EEE virus are required to use ACL-3 containment. Appropriate filter/barriers are required to prevent the escape of arthropods.
Vaccination for EEE is not currently available.
|*Website is being revamped based on Revised Select Agent regulations.
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